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rush怎么读是什么意思(英语单词发音及中文意思翻译)

来自网友英语rush在线中文翻译和读音提问 提问时间:2023-07-15 15:41:11阅读次数:25

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rush 英 [rʌʃ]美 [rʌʃ]

基本解释

n. 冲进;匆促;急流;灯心草

adj. 急需的

vt. 使冲;突袭;匆忙地做;飞跃

vi. 冲;奔;闯;赶紧;涌现

n. (Rush)人名;(英)拉什

中文词源

rush 匆忙,急促,冲

可能来自中古英语 ruschen,冲,匆忙,来自古英语 hryscan,惊吓,摇晃,最终来自 PIE*kors, 跑,急促,词源同 course,horse.

英文词源

rush

rush: English has two words rush. The plantne [OE] goes back to a prehistoric Gernic *r*-, which also produced Gern and Dutch rusch, and y be related to Latin restis ‘rush’. Rush ‘hurry’ [14] goes back ultitely to Old French ruser ‘drive back, detour’, source of English ruse. It reached English via Anglo- Norn russher, where until the 17th century it was used in its original sense ‘drive back, repulse’. The sense ‘hurry’ developed in Anglo- Norn, presubly from some association of the sound of the word with ‘hurrying’.

=> ruse

rush (n.2)

"a hasty driving forward," late 14c., from rush (v.). Sense of "ss migration of people" (especially to a gold field) is from 1848, American English. Football/rugby sense from 1857. Meaning "surge of pleasure" is from 1960s. Rush hour first recorded 1888. Rush order from 1896.

rush (v.)

mid-14c. (implied in rushing), "to drive back or down," from Anglo-French russher, from Old French ruser "to dodge, repel" (see ruse). Meaning "to do something quickly" is from 1650s; transitive sense of "to hurry up (someone or something)" is from 1850. U.S. Football sense originally was in rugby (1857).

Fraternity/sorority sense is from 1896 (originally it was what the fraternity did to the student); from 1899 as a noun in this sense. Earlier it was a ne on U.S. cpuses for various tests of strength or athletic skill between freshmen and sophomores as classes (1860).

rush (n.1)

"plant growing in rshy ground," Old English resc, earlier risc, from Proto-Gernic *r*- (cognates: Mile Low Gern rusch, Mile High Gern rusch, Gern Rausch, West Frisian risk, Dutch rusch), from PIE *rezg- "to plait, weave, wind" (cognates: Latin restis "cord, rope").

Old French rusche probably is from a Gernic source. Used for king torches and finger rings, also strewn on floors when visitors arrived; it was attested a type of "something of no value" from c. 1300. See OED for spelling variations.

双语例句

1. I hate to rush you but I have another appointment later on.

我真不想催你,但我稍后还有一个约会。

2. I've got to rush. Got a meeting in a few minutes.

我得赶紧走了。几分钟后要开个会。

3. During the evening rush hour it was often solid with vehicles.

在交通的晚高峰时段,这里通常被车辆堵得水泄不通。

4. I had to drive eight miles at rush hour.

我得在交通高峰时间行车8英里。

5. He felt a suen rush of panic at the thought.

想到这点,他突然感到一阵强烈的恐慌。


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